Groucho Marx

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Formal – annual and semiannual event, associated with crepe paper streamers, aluminum foil, staples, a band that cost several hundred dollars above the norm, rented tuxedos and breathless newspaper descriptions of the young women’s gowns,held by fraternities and sororities.



National Convention – Annual gatherings of all chapters, cities chosen for fun that could be had, lightly chaperoned by hand picked adults.


Pledging – The process of conversion from regular person to brother or sister.


Royalty – Local and national categories of beauty.



Easter Sunrise Services – A boon to sales of hats and coats.



Car Wash – Fundraising usually done with raffles for appliances or people, or in this case washing cars.


All Night Party – A concept whose earliest written record appears in 1927, at the close of the silent film era.  Eighteen to twenty-four hours of merriment.  This invitation notes that movie will be a “talkie”.




For a relatively small town, mid-century Jackson, TN was truly unique in hundreds of ways (this distinction was, of course, lost on us then).  But one unique thing about Jackson was, it had the fundamental elements to party and the people to make it happen.  It seems odd to reflect on it.  Back then, we spent most of our time complaining that,  we couldn’t stay out later or find liquor more effectively… and why the hell was it that when we finally began to notice women around us in school, they had already noticed the guys 2 years older than us? Sure! we could date girls 2 years younger than us, but they were in Grammar School! mmmm, let’s move on.

What was really awesome was that we were partying at all.  The odds were against it.  An unbiased observer would assume that there was no possibility, small town, no hope.

First Party

And yet… on Saturday night the air would fill with music as the heavy green metal doors at the Alexander School auditorium, would open into the cold Winter night.  Outside, you could see your breath but through that door you could hear the Platters or Johnny Mathis, and once inside, you could shuffle awkwardly around the dance floor making direct contact with brightly colored mohair sweaters and experience and entirely new, different sort of perfumed warmth and humidity.   It was 1957 and Teen Town had been created.

So how did this happen?  The Jaycettes, wives of Jackson Jaycee members, decided to create Teen Town and to pull us away from Name That Tune and Your Hit Parade on a black and white set… at home… with our parents. This was the auditorium at Alexander School, a place where important things had already happened to us,  where we had watched the coronation of a Queen on live television,  and where we had seen the final game of the 1956 World Series between the New YorkYankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers.  So it was in that very auditorium that someone made possible another life changing experience… and we came to understand the importance of mountains of soft, fuzzy, man-made mohair and rock and roll.

House Party

Our second opportunity came from our friends who had cleverly schooled their own parents to the dangers of partying “out there” and could gain access to large sections of their own homes to party more “safely”.  The best of these involved multi-story, residential structures, but of all of these, there was nothing better than a basement.  Basements provided for limited, controlled, monitored entry of adults and early warning, and ideally, several exterior exits at the opposite end, or an open window with less than a 2 story jump.  Carol Ann and Buddy Sadler’s,  Fern Dodson’s, Steve Hamilon’s, Johnny Tigrett’s, the Wyatt’s…  these homes still exist without any historic markers, now owned by other people with no idea of the joy their property once brought to us.

I recognize this living room.  It’s at G.G. Dolbeer’s mom’s house.  It’s a polaroid from long ago, still has finger prints from being passed around before the thing dried.

Public Party

There was of course the Gold Room at the New Southern and the Captains Ballroom.

Find your parents, or grandparents.

Fraternity Parties

Fraternities in high school began in prep schools in the Mid West, New England and in the South in the late 1800’s.  Boarding schools were a setting similar to college, with dorm life and living away from home.  High school fraternities became popular organized through national organizations that eventually established in a city rather than within a single school.  Among the first, city oriented, public school based fraternities was TKO when the national fraternity established  chapters in Atlanta and Memphis.  TKO in Jackson started about 1927.

The first “anniversary” indicates founding of TKO a year before, in 1927.

SPO Formal at the Armory

CLICK TO MAKE BIG    Front Row – Frankie Cooper, Danny Anderson, Jimmy Flake, Pat Stewart, Row 2 – John Wimberly, Steve Cole, ?, Bill Guy, Frankie West, Richard Dolbeer, Robert Medlin, Tommy Homesly Row 3 – Mike Marshall, Dennis Jacobs, Jimmy Bond, Tommy Bennett, John Jennings, Billy Mack Graves, Jimmie Aiken, Jack Camp Row 4 – Smitty Smith, Bubba Lane, Garland Clyce, Mabry Hardin, Ronnie Elrod, John Hearn, Winston Smith, and Jerry Jennings.  If an atom bomb had hit the SPO Fraternity that Sunday JHS would have had no National Honor Society or football team.  SPO’s excelled in sports and brains.

Breathless Newspaper Coverage

Although some Jackson high school teachers were concerned with anything that was exclusive, (the essence of exclusivity, after all, involves excluding), fraternities in Jackson, TKO, SPO, DBS, KBX, Demolay when taken together, included just about anyone who wanted to belong. The real barrier to membership was our own parents.  A case could be made that almost anyone who wanted to be a member became a member.  Sort of the best possible scenario, the feeling of exclusivity without a real need to exclude.  And, of course, the basic rule, since the Roaring 20’s,  a big party is much better than a small one and the real goal was to party.

Jackson had high school fraternities.  It seems preposterous.  It was preposterous.  Too young to sign a contract, yet bands and large venues were booked, tickets were sold, and money was made.  Lots of money, to be reinvested in future parties.  Although at its core were exclusive, secretive clubs, the majority of the parties were open admission for economic reasons, to make it possible to pay for the band.  If there was no football game on Friday night, the party could start at 9:00 PM and end at 1:00 AM.  If there was a game, the party moved to Saturday night from 8:00 PM ending at midnight.

Seated: Jada Sykes, Paula Jones, Joy Travis, Ann Frost and Charlotte Jones.  Standing: Joyce Graves, Anna Ragan, Jenny Lee Moore, Grace Gale Dolbeer, Bonnie Baker and Janet Green.

TKO, SPO, Demolay, KBX, and DBS.  KBX and DBS had parties at the New Southern Hotel.  TKO, SPO and Demolay had events at the Armory and at smaller venues all over town.  The drill was always the same, rent a hall, book a band, and get people to come and make more than it cost.  It was private enterprise at its best.  It worked.

Only an American automobile can carry this much beauty.  Judy Engle Herron, Elizabeth Crook and Carol Gilliam Moss.

It’s good to be king… or Queen.   Susan Walton Banks, Susan Jones, Sissy Shute and Karen Jones.

SPO Royalty same parade, Kathy McIver, Cissy Caldwell and Marilyn Taylor

It may have been that this private sector alternative to good times that encouraged Jackson High to avoid holding a senior prom during those years.  That fact could have diminished the opportunity to party in a community that appeared to separate academics and parties like church and state.

A Smattering of History

In 1926 a chapter of Theta Kappa Omega was established and Billy Kirby was the first Grand Master.  He was followed in 1927 by Frank Franklin, and the following years, respectively, Hal Wallace, Earnest Rainey, Hunter Taylor, Tom Ashby, Jack Holland, Earl Cain, Earl Williamson…… there were many others.

Lucille Cleaners is in upper left, Highland went left then right and continued North.  The “Rooms” were upstairs.

At some point in the early 1950’s an upstairs floor of a downtown building, above Lucille Cleaners on Church Street became available.  J. T. Hamilton owned the entire block and made the rooms, previously used as offices, upstairs available to the TKO group.  These became known as the “Teke Rooms”.

The year Jimmy Exum pledged the fraternity, 1957,  he remembers moving chairs and equipment from the downtown building “rooms” to a new building, a huge log cabin on Highway 45 North.

Sally Sanders, Linda Gay Smith,  Elizabeth Edenton and Alicia Hazelhurst on bar at the Teke Rooms

These second Teke Rooms had been constructed as an authentic log cabin with masonry chink between 18″+ horizontal beams stacked and alternated at the corners.  The pitched roof was also supported by 18″+ tree logs.  Parking was in The Tavern parking lot, a small roadside bar with just a few regulars that came by at night.  Parking was also along the East and West side of highway 45, in both directions from the tavern.

The log building had been the Chickasaw Club until the noise and reputation encouraged neighbors to pressure for it to close.  The log building was built in 1940 by Randal Vann and rented by Billy Merriweather, a bootlegger who sold his goods on Riverside Drive.  It was located behind Merriweather’s retail tavern property but was down the hill in the back.  The retail beer joint was “The Tavern” and was operated by Mr. Vandiver (Judy Vandiver’s uncle), who sublet the bar from Billy Merriweather.  There was a small parking lot on either side and behind the The Tavern.  Eventually the neighbors prevailed and the Chickasaw Club was forced to close.  Peace and quiet until…

The TKO fraternity made a deal with Randal Vann.  The fraternity would pay $50 each month for the property.  It would be used for weekly meetings and parties.  Apparently this arrangement was acceptable to the neighbors.  The least of two evils.

So, Fall, Winter and Spring, you and your date would walk the concrete stairs down the hill.  The bank was steep and the ground below low enough to put the two story structure below ground level above.  At the base of the hill to your right was a door, with a single light bulb above it.  As you walked in immediately in front on the far wall was a bar, to the left. a large fireplace.  To the right of the bar, next to a wall mounted pay phone, was another smaller door, that led to stairs and to a card room just above.  There was a smaller fireplace upstairs that used the same chimney.  There was a small women’s restroom at the South West corner of the dancefloor, there was apparently no real need for a men’s facility, as space outside was plentiful with the privacy afforded by the single light bulb for exterior lighting, (mentioned earlier).

Willie Morrow, who worked at the Joe Bobbitt Barbership in Hicksville acted as bartender, serving, of course, only soft drinks.

The fireplace area was used for the chaperones to attempt to keep warm and also kept them safely in their own area and away from the heat of the dance floor.  Favorite chaperones were Lucile Hamilton, Elizabeth Exum and Martha Hensley.

Oddly, inside this all wood structure, smoking was permitted.  There were two gas heaters on either side of the dance floor but the heat from those assembled generally heated the space except on very cold nights.

Many bands performed over the years, some of the best were Phillip Reynolds, Frank Ballard, Billy Browder (now T.J. Sheppard) and Tony Snyder and the Embers.  (Frank Ballard later made a successful bid for Madison County Commission, based in large part to his loyal support from years of Friday and Saturday nights with us.  Frank had a lead guitar, Red Matthews who played with the guitar behind him as the night went on.  Jimmy Exum also remembered Avery “snowball” Davis. (probably because of his white hair).  Snowball later worked at WDXI.  Jimmy was treasurer of TKO, he hired and handled the financial arrangements with the bands, as did Tom Hensley.

This is a bit odd.  Most don’t remember losing the “Rooms” in 1962.  It makes more sense that it happened in 1963 or 1964, but apparently it was February 1962.

National Convention

David Muhr, Mike Smith, Steve Hamilton, Buddy Sadler, Barry Tuchfeld, David Phillips, Janice Stanlin, Mrs. McMillian, Fern Dodson,  Mrs. Smith, Patricia Serles Morgan, Ben Tisdale, Brad McMillian, ?, Charles Young, Forrest Durrand.

Royalty did not always require security, but here an unidentified Secret Service Agent holds off eager fans.

Between business meetings Randy Fields enjoys a diet cola.


Seems like there should be one.  At some point this all went away.  A sheltered bubble-existence that gave breathless social feedback to a limited few in the newspaper, began to run up against reality.  We were the center of our universe but there was always North Side and South Side, and all the sides of our small town culture that eventually gave way to something else, much more real and more meaningful.

You can look at the past and wonder at our lack of sophistication, the sheltered existence,  but it may be better to just be thankful for the experiences, however naive and immature.  In it’s most fundamental state, it’s a time that won’t come again and it’s a story;  a story to save.


Special thanks to:  Susan Walton Banks, G. G. Dolbeer Bray, Judy Engle Herron, Steve Hamilton, Mrs. McMillian (Brad’s Mom), Bill Mainord, Tom Hensley, Jimmy Exum, Mike Smith, Steve Little, Patricia Morgan Milner, Harry Henry, Ed Hunt and Jack Wood/Tennessee Room-Jackson Madison County Public Library.

John Reitzammer

New Bridge Bio Films

17 Responses to Greeks

  1. Suzanne Barnes says:

    The SPO next to Bill Guy is Bobby Howell, class of ’64. The Teke between Brad and Charles Young is David Green, class of ’64.

    I remember when the Teke rooms burned. There had been a party from 11 to 2 after a JHS basketball game. It was a Saturday night. After KX meeting on Sunday, a group of us drove by to see the ruins. Tom Hensley was sitting amid them in a ladder back chair. He had on his black overcoat, black hat, and had a bottle of Jack Daniels, Black Label, by his side. Sadly, those great parties had come to an end.

  2. Bill Mainord says:

    WOW !!!!!!!! Fantastic memories!!!! THANKS JOHN!!!!!!!

  3. Myra Jo (Coy) Martin says:

    I can only say that “Memories are made of This”……..I read every word and loved it. I’m a graduate of JHS-1956 and was a member of DBS. would love to see more write-ups on the sororities. We also made the papers on our charitable works in the city and of course we “Partied-Hearty” as all the Greeks did………..thanks

  4. Edwin Boyd ('50) says:

    I was a member of the SPO’s in the late ’40’s and got in real trouble when several of us cut down a huge fir tree on my step father’s farm for our “Winter Wonderland” scene on the stage of the old Armory. After the dance we had an all night party on North Ave. Great memories…..

  5. Mickie McKenzie Whitaker says:

    This was so much fun to watch as it brought back wonderful memories. Thanks to all who contributed.

  6. Paul Milstead says:

    I graduated from JHS class of 1965. Pledged TKO and got in fall semester of the 9th grade at Tigrett Jr High. That was 1961 and I remember the lodge burning after our class was initiated. Early in 1962 sounds correct. Someone earlier identified David Green in a picture. He lived on Mimosa and I lived around the corner on Stanfill Drive. I remember putting up what seemed like miles of crepe paper for TKO and Kappa Chi Formals.

  7. Lanier James says:

    Great job. Wow, brings back way more memories than ever thought could happen. Makes you want to see more.
    Lanier James
    Class of 1961

  8. Fran Stedman Turner says:

    Like the others, I enjoyed and appreciate the work done in archiving some of Jackson’s best memories. I came along a little later – Kappa Chi in early 70s. Would love to see more on sororities at the time, if anything is available. (Note – FYI spelling of Janice Stanlin is actually spelled Stanland. She and her blended family, the Truexes, lived across the street from me on Morningside in the 60s.)

  9. Jerry White says:

    Enjoyed reading and looking at pictures of your TKO Chapter. Mine was Zeta Pi in Meridian, MS. I served as Grand Master 1969-1960. TKO has a Facebook page and to my knowledge no website. Again enjoyed the memories

  10. Linda Spiese says:

    What memories of my youth. There were things I didn’t know, like how Teen Town started. I’m up there in the picture with Sonny Morgan and others. I cannot imagine how I talked my father into allowing me to go to Memphis during the Teke Convention. We didn’t get into any trouble but I remember going to a Seven Sins party. I thought that was really something, wicked. Thank you for pulling all of this history together.

  11. Mike Marshall says:

    This is amazing and most fun to review. I was SPO president and graduated in 1963. All of what you have said about our Jackson and our experiences growing up there are filled with fond memories. I loved the school, the frat formals, the friendship among all of our classmates, and the lasting memories. Many of us are still very close today and frequently get together. We were very lucky to have had such a rich experience at this time in our lives. Thank you for this reminder. Mike Marshall

  12. ALVIN WHORTON says:

    This brings back some of the best memories of my life. I took my future and still wife to most every one of the fraternity/sorority parties. Many thanks to everyone who helped produce this. It will stay in my memory book. And special thanks to Carol Stewart who keeps us in mind and informed.

  13. Karey Williamson Murray says:

    This seems like another lifetime.. but, these memories were part of our “good old days”!
    Thanks to those who compiled this.ebb t

  14. Elizabeth Stephenson says:

    Fun to see my Grabdfather’s (Allen James) Orchestra mentioned in a photo caption and my relative fire Chief Warlick in the fire clipping.

    Thank you.

  15. Vance Roy says:

    A great compilation of good memories! The first photo shows “the centerpiece” constructed by Robert Ashby with my help as a “gofer”. It was a signal effort and put TEKE formals on the map in town.
    The best thing for me about high school fraternities and parties is that they did a good job of letting pre-college students let off steam. In the days when I knew every Jackson cop by name, we never got in serious trouble. When I got to college, the fascination (if there was one) with drinking beer on a school night was long gone, and one could get about the business of making a life. At least a third of my dorm-mates at UT busted out the first year because there was too much freedom and not enough responsibility to get down to brass tacks.
    That situation is no longer feasible, but I am thankful that it included me.

  16. Butch Rose says:

    I was not a fraternity member, but the nights spent dancing were very special! It was our own Honkey Tonk with some of the best live music . The balls were grand but the cabin was mysterious and so much fun. Thanks to all that put this together!

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